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Eye Clinic & Optometry Centre for Children and Adults


What are fillers?

Filler Injection is usually known as a collagen a gel like substance derived from decontaminated animal tissue, and fats which is gathered from the patients thigh or abdomen and then injected to plump up facial areas or fill wrinkled areas

Following the trend in facial cosmetic procedures, patients are now increasingly requesting hand rejuvenation treatments. Fillers are the loss of dermal elasticity and weaken of the subcutaneous tissue. Thus, veins, tendons and bony structures become apparent.

Different type of fillers

  1. Polyalkylimide
    Considered a semi-permanent dermal filler, polyalkylimide is a synthetic material often used by plastic surgeons for deeper wrinkles such as nasolabial folds or depressed scars. But it’s also helpful to enhance cheekbones and the jawline, and to replace facial volume lost due to age. This type of dermal filler also is a good choice to plump up your lips.
  2. Polylactic acid
    A copied dermal filler that is injected into your face, causing your body’s own production of    collagen. This type of dermal filler is known as a stimulator. It is known to work particularly well in the lower half of your face, to fill the lines caused by laughing, to augment thin lips and fill out deep nasolabial folds.Juvederm Voluma is an ideal HA dermal filler.
  3. Hyaluronic acid
    Hyaluronic acid filler is a cushion to support facial structures and tissues that may have lost volume or elasticity due to normal ageing. If you want to reduce facial wrinkles and lines, hyaluronic acid may be a good choice as a dermal filler because of its compatibility with the human body.In fact, this substance is found in almost every single living thing.
  4. Collagen
    Collagen treatment can be used to touch up areas around the mouth and forehead where wrinkles start to appear. Collagen is a key support structure in your skin with its network of fibre’s that provides for the growth of cells and blood vessels. Collagen also is found in cartilage, teeth and bones.
  5. Botulinum Toxin (Botox)
    This is a popular non surgical injection that temporary reduces or eliminates fine lines; forehead cheeks lips and thick bands in the neck area. Basically any facial movement can eventually lead to one of the most common signs of aging. One of the quickest and safest remedies to remove wrinkles is an injection of botulinum toxin. It is used for uncontrollable facial spasms and disorders of the eye such as misaligned eyes. The botox protein injection blocks transmission from the nerve ending to the muscle. As a result, the muscle relaxes, suggestively reducing the appearance of wrinkles and muscles on the skin above that muscle.Botox is used to treat facial wrinkles, restoring a more youthful, rested appearance.Injections of this substance blocks muscular nerve indications, which then weakens the muscle so that it can’t contract and diminishes your unwanted facial wrinkles.


Treating facial wrinkles: 2 types of wrinkles

  1. Dynamic wrinkles:
    These are associated with the muscles we use for facial expression. Wrinkles appear when we are young, but they become deeper and more noticeable as we grow older.
  2. Crepe-paper wrinkles
    These are caused by sun exposure and ageing. Collagen the protein substance found just beneath and within our deep layers of skin begins to thin, causing our facial skin to stretch and sag. Botox can’t treat crepe-paper wrinkles, however, there are other ways to reduce the appearance of crepe-paper wrinkles.


How is Botox used?

Usually a fine needle and the doctor will inject directly into the targeted muscles. Botox treatment only takes a few minutes and on your official visit. The best candidates for Botox treatments are people who are physically healthy, no history of neuromuscular diseases and who are not pregnant or nursing and at least above 18 years old.


The risks and complications and side effects

The most common side effects are headache and temporary redness or bruising of the skin at the injection site. You should also inform your doctor of all the medication you are currently taking before having Botox treatments. Occasionally, some people might experience temporary eye irritation or tearing after Botox treatments. Serious complications are rare. There is a chance that non targeted muscles could be affected and weakened. This could cause the drooping of eyelids ptosis.